The Brandenburg Gate or better known as the Brandenburger Tor is one of the icons of the country Germany who are well known. This gate was an entrance to a city. After the gate was demolished due to war, was rebuilt in the 18th century with magnificent designs and large. In addition, the Brandenburg Gate is one of the neoclassical heritage in Europe.
The gate is located in bustling Central Berlin and is one of the most visited locations in Germany. Therefore, it is not surprising if many Europeans who dubbed him as one of the wonders of the world. The Brandenburg Gate is located on the way Erbert in the West of the town center and right next to the West of the Pariser Platz.
|Brandenburg Gate, June 1945
History of the Brandenburg Gate
The Brandenburg Gate was built during the leadership of King Frederick William II of Prussia as a symbol of peace. This magnificent building was built and designed by Carl Gottard Langhans in 1788 until 1791. During World War II, the Brandenburg Gate is actually almost demolished due to war. However, this magnificent gate is just having a bit of damage.
During the civil war in Germany, the Brandenburg Gate is closed to the public and it’s unlikely there is a vain person who can enter. Recently in Germany after the revolution of 1989 and the arrival of WesternGermany and back East Germany, Brandenburg Gate opened again to the public.
In the year 2000 to 2002, the Brandenburg Gate is closed again to the public because the repair is being held by the Department of conservation of monuments of the city of Berlin. This is done to ensure the conservation of the strength of the building so that it can survive much longer. Furthermore, many reckon that the Brandenburg Gate as one of the wonders of the world.
The Brandenburg Gate is not the only city gate in Germany. In the city of Berlin itself, actually there is a city gate that has a similar function to a number of 18 gates. The Brandenburg Gate is also one part of the Berlin Wall that became landmarks of the Customs of each region in Berlin.
The design of the Brandenburg Gate itself was the product of the imagination of the mythology of Greece. Carl Gotthard Langhans planners SI take story Propylaea for inspiration. In mythology, mentioned the existence of a gateway to another city in Athens, namely the Acropolis. The mythology of Greece has close links with cultural history and also the tradition of architecture in Berlin. Therefore, it’s no wonder if the designers take the mythology of Greece to be used as reference material. In addition to Greece, the culture and architecture of the city of Berlin is also much influenced by the Baroque and neopalladian.
The design of the Brandenburg Gate has never changed since the time of construction in the 18th century to the present. When the political upheaval taking place in Germany in the mid-20th century, many of the Brandenburg Gate was made rebutan by the power of the opposition who want to master Germany. Some of these countries are France, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Meanwhile, the Communist Party is capable of occupying the Berlin final.
During the reign of Adolf Hitler, the Brandenburg Gate was made into a symbol for the party. Until the end of World War II, the Brandenburg Tor survived and was not destroyed during the war, although the Allied forces dropped bombs around the gate. After World War II ended, the Government divided the city of Berlin into West Berlin and East Berlin by building the wall along the city of Berlin for the separate territories of the conflict.
During the period, Berlin a lot of experienced people’s misery and the city of Berlin lot engulfed in fear due to the political crisis in Germany. During this period, much of the city of Berlin have difficulty growing. In 1989, the wall that separates the West Berlin and East Berlin fell and revolution any turbulent Germany in Berlin.
Until at last, in October 1990, the city of Berlin finally formally reunited East Germany because the fight for so that a unified Germany following the collapse of the Berlin wall. With a long history and magnificent building, the Brandenburg Gate is worthy of consideration as one of the wonders of the world